Monday, June 06, 2005

Black boys, 'Britain's main crime problem', need 'segregation and discipline' at school?

In the UK, many black boys are involved in gang and drug crime.

The majority of black boys in the UK are brought up by one parent.

Three quarters of black boys seem to under-perform at school. Many have problems with reading.

Three-quarters of the people shot by criminals in London are black.

80% of those who pull the triggers are black.

In the UK there was a 10% rise in gun crime in the past year.

In London, during the month of April 2005, there were 49 shootings.

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http://books.guardian.co.uk/review/story/0,,1498031,00.html

Guns and Gangs: Inside Black Gun Crime, by Graeme McLagan, looks at the problem of black gun crime.

London, Birmingham, Bristol, Manchester and Nottingham are among those British cities which have a growing black gun crime problem.

McLagan describes the problems:

1. the rise of the Jamaican Yardies

2. crack-cocaine dealing

3. British-born black gangs

4. the failure of many black boys with reading

5. lack of job prospects among young blacks

6. a lack of positive male role models in early childhood

7. more than half of the black boys in the UK brought up by one parent

8. easy profits made from drugs

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http://education.guardian.co.uk/schools/story/0,5500,1495885,00.html

We must tackle the failure of black boys says Trevor Phillips, Head of the Commission for Racial Equality.

In an article in the Guardian, Mr Phillips points out that three out of four African-Caribbean boys fail to reach the basic threshold of five or more good passes at GCSE, and there are twice as many black men in prison as there are at university.

Phillips argues that "the simplistic argument" that underachieving black boys are the victims of the "racist attitudes" of white teachers does not account for the fact that Chinese and Indian children, who are just as likely to come from poor backgrounds and to face racism, typically do nearly three times as well as black boys.

Professor Stan Mimms of East St Louis, Illinois, has recommended that black boys be taught separately from others.

British academic Dr Tony Sewell has advocated Caribbean-style discipline.

Mr Phillips points to examples of segregation in the UK which have already produced good results. The Windsor fellowship runs a programme for ethnic minority children, where they are mentored and given extra lessons.

In London last year 100% of their students passed five or more good GCSEs.

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