Sunday, October 23, 2005

School indiscipline: solutions to the problem.

What are the solutions to the problem of bad behaviour in Schools?

1. Good teachers?
2. An uncorrupt media?
3. Good parents?

The UK Sunday Times, 23 October 2005, had an article entitled: 'Simple lesson of the Unteachables.'

The article pointed to a television series which 'has revealed the real solution: good teachers.'

'According to Ted Wragg, emeritus professor of education at Exeter University, who ran the course, there were three ingredients: making lessons fun and engaging, clear rules and one-to-one counselling aimed at helping each child discover a talent. '

Now wait a minute!

If you have a very, very sick child who has been neglected by parents and who has taken to drink and drugs, then what is the best solution:

1. a ten minute visit to an overworked local doctor?

or

2. several months in hospital receiving the sort of skilled and very expensive intensive care that is available to only a few people?

You answer: intensive care in hospital with top doctors and nurses is the best solution.

And disruptive children should have 'intensive care' in schools.

But you might also say:

Why did the child get ill in the first place? Should we be looking at bad parenting and the corrupting effects of the media?

And think about this:

How many over-worked teachers have the time to give one-to-one counselling to all those mentally ill and criminal children?

Bhutan had virtually no child crime until it got television and video. After Bhutan got TV and video, crime rates shot up.

Let us consider the importance of parents.

The following is from: http://www.divorcereform.org/crime.html:

Are children raised outside of intact marriages at increased risk for crime and delinquency?

All but three of 23 recent studies found some family structure effect on crime or delinquency.

Seven of the eight studies that used nationally representative data, for example, found that children in single-parent or other non-intact family structures were at greater risk of committing criminal or delinquent acts.

For example: A study using Add-Health data found that even after controlling for race, parents' education, and income, adolescents in single-parent familieswere almost two times more likely to have pulled a knife or a gun on someone inthe past year. (Todd Michael Franke 2000)

Six of seven studies that looked at whether overall rates of single parenthood affected average crime rates found that changes in familystructure were related to increases in crime.

For example:· A study that looked at the relation between divorce rates and out-of-wedlock birthrates and violent crime between 1973 and 1995 found that nearly 90% of the change in violent crime rates can be accounted for by the change in percentages of out-of-wedlock births. (Mackey and Coney 2000, p. 352)·

A study that looked at crime in rural counties in four states concluded, "[A]n increase of 13% in female-headed households would produce a doublingof the offense rate." (Osgood and Chambers 2000, p. 103)

Even after controlling for income, family structure is an important predictor of crime and delinquency...

A survey of 108 rapists undertaken by Raymond A. Knight and Robert A. Prentky revealed that 60 percent came from female-headed homes

70 percent of those describable as 'violent' came from female-headed homes

80 percent of those motivated by 'displaced anger' came from female-headed (single-parent) homes."

Of the juvenile criminals who are a threat to the public, three-fourths came from broken homes. Ramsey Clark, Crime in America: Observations on Its Nature, Causes, Prevention and Control (New York: Pocket Books, 1970), p.39. Cited in Amneus, The Garbage Generation.

A 1987 study found that divorce - regardless of the economic status of the disrupted family - posed the strongest correlation with robbery rates in American cities larger than 100,000 population...

Young men who grow up in homes without fathers are twice as likely to end up in jail as those who come from traditional two-parent families, according to a new study.

Cynthia Harper of theUniversity of Pennsylvania and Sara S. McLanahan of PrincetonUniversity tracked a sample of 6,000 males aged 14-22 from 1979-93.

They found that those boys whose fathers were absent from the household had double the odds of being incarcerated - even when other factors such as race, income, parent education and urban residencewere held constant...

Studies have shown that there is a strong correlation with the number of single parent families and the crime rate in a cities with a population over 100,000 regardless of the socioeconomics or racial composition of the city.

"No-Fault Divorce: Proposed Solutions to a National Tragedy," 1993 Journal of Legal Studies 2, 19 citing R. Sampson, Crime in Cities: The Effects of Formal and Informal Social Control. In M. Tonry & Morris, Crime and Justice 271-301 (1987).

The rate of violent crime and burglary is related to the number of single parent households with children aged twelve to twenty. "No-Fault Divorce: Proposed Solutions to a National Tragedy," 1993 Journal of Legal Studies 2, 19, citing Douglas A. Smith, G. and Roger Jarjoura, Social Structure and Criminal Victimiazation, 25 Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 27-52 (1988).

A study showed that over half (53 percent) of the inmates of state correctional facilities had grown up without the benefits of a two parent household. "No-Fault Divorce: Proposed Solutions to a National Tragedy," 1993 Journal of Legal Studies 2, 19, citing B. Chapman, Fairness For Families: An Organing Theme for the Administration's Social Policies, 2 The Journal of Family and Culture 23 (1986).

Delinquency rates are 10 to 15 percent higher in broken homes than in intact ones. Brian Willats, Breaking Up is Easy To Do, available from Michigan Family Forum, citing Edward L. Wells and Joseph H. Rankin, "Families and Delinquency: A Meta-Analysis of the Impact of Broken Homes," Social Problems, 38:1, p. 87."

The greater the proportion of single-mother families in a neighborhood, the higher the delinquency rate."Don Terry, "Killed by Her Friends, Sons of the Heartland," New York Times, 18 May 1994, A1. Cited on page48 ofThe Abolition of Marriage, by Maggie Gallagher

A study conducted by two sociologists, Robert J. Sampson and W. Byron Groves, who analyzed data from hundreds of British communities found that in neighborhoods with a high percentage of single-parent homes the amount of crime was significantly higher...

"So powerful was the connection between disrupted families and crime that, once family status was controlled for, neither race nor income had any effect on the crime rate."

Among all possible contributing factors, "only divorce rates were consistently associated with suicide and with homicide rates."David Lester, "Time-Series Versus Regional Correlates of Rates of Personal Violence," Death Studies (1993): 529-534.

A recent study of 25,000 incarcerated juveniles made by the Bureau of Justice Statistics indicates that 72 percent of them came from broken homes. Seventy-four percent of the nation's children live with two parents, 26 percent with one parent.

A child growing up in a single-parent home (usually female-headed) is seven times as likely to be a delinquent. Statistics from the Los Angeles Times, 19 September, 1988....


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