Wednesday, January 07, 2009

Francis Poulenc

Poulenc Francis Poulenc, (1899-1963) was an openly gay composer.

His father, a Catholic, directed the pharmaceutical company that became Rhône-Poulenc.

Poulenc inherited a country estate called Noizay.

In the late 1920s Poulenc met his first lover, the painter Richard Chanlaire.

Another of Poulenc's lovers was Raymond Destouches.

Poulenc dedicated the opera Les mamelles de Tirésias (1944) and the World War II Resistance cantata La figure humaine (1943) to Detouches.

Poulenc also had relationships with Lucien Roubert and Louis Gautier.

Poulenc came to meet a number of distinguished figures, including Erik Satie, Manuel de Falla, Guillaume Apollinaire, André Gide, and Paul Valéry.

In 1924, Poulenc wrote Les Biches for Sergei Diaghilev's Ballets Russes.

Among the many famous pieces written by Poulenc is La voix humaine, based on a libretto by Jean Cocteau.

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